Analysis of Barriers to Economic Activity Shaping in Selected Branches of the Services Sector in the Light of the Business Climate Changes in Polish Regions


  • Jan Fazlagić Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu Katedra Badań Rynku i Usług
  • Robert Skikiewicz Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu Katedra Badań Rynku i Usług



business climate, entrepreneurship, regional development, services sector


The economic performance of business enterprises depends not only on the quality of its tangible and intangible resources but also on the influence of external factors which may either stimulate a company’s growth or hinder it. Those external factors which may substantially influence the general conditions of economic performance are classified as barriers to doing business. The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the business barriers and the general business climate. The intensity of barriers in different Polish regions is analysed against the general business climate indices for the Polish economy in selected branches of the service sector in the Polish economy. The ranking of Polish regions in terms of the average intensity of barriers in the service sector (sections H, I and J) is substantially diversified. Only a few regions are characterised by high intensity of business barriers in all three sections. The relationships between the intensity of barriers and the general business climate at the regional level are weaker than at the country level and remain predominantly negative. The position of a region in the general population of regions in terms of business climate varies in time. The following statistical methods have been applied: descriptive statistics measures, correlation analysis, Ward method. The improvement of general business climate in the selected branches of economy in regions, in principle, decreases the intensity of barriers to doing business.


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Author Biographies

Jan Fazlagić, Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu Katedra Badań Rynku i Usług

Jan Fazlagić, Ph.D., is a professor in management at the Poznan University of Economics and Business in Poznań. His research interests include knowledge management, intellectual capital, service design, education and innovation management. He was a Senior Fulbright Scholar at Sam Houston University, TX, USA and Marie Curie Research Fellow at the Centre for Social Innovation ( in Vienna, Austria. He is the author of the first Polish Intellectual Capital Report in a Higher Education Institution (2004). He is an author of 10 books and over 250 research papers. Prof. Fazlagić has participated in numerous research projects including Inno­vation Report on the Polish Pharma Sector (2012), Service Design (2013) and the national survey on the trust in Polish business sector (2015). He is active as a business consultant and trainer. He also supports the development of European head teachers by organising seminars and conferences aimed at improving leadership skills and marketing competences in schools.

Robert Skikiewicz, Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu Katedra Badań Rynku i Usług

Robert Skikiewicz, Ph.D. Poznań University of Economics and Business. Undertaken research topics include issues concerning the analysis of business cycle in the whole economy, as well as in the banking market. In addition, the author’s research interests include analysis of the behaviour of households in the financial services market.


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How to Cite

Fazlagić, J., & Skikiewicz, R. (2018). Analysis of Barriers to Economic Activity Shaping in Selected Branches of the Services Sector in the Light of the Business Climate Changes in Polish Regions. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 32(2), 216–228.