Investigating commercial and convenience services installed in intermodal passenger terminals located in mid-sized European cities




commercial and convenience services, Hungary, intermodal passenger terminal, mid-sized cities


The concept of intermodality has gained key importance in the sustainable mobility strategy of the European Union. In the past two decades, different types of intermodal passenger terminals (IPTs) have been built in many European cities. These facilities provide possibility for passengers to change transportation mode or route in a short time and connect long-distance transportation services with public transportation modes under one roof. IPTs, however, are more than just hubs in the transportation network, but, due to their size and special location in the city, they are landmarks of cities. In addition, IPTs host not only transportation services but also different types of commercial and convenience services used both by passengers and local people. This study focuses on classifying IPTs based on their hierarchical position in the transportation network and determining which type is the most generally located in European mid-sized cities. Then, an investigation is carried out to map those commercial and convenience services that are the most installed in such IPT types. Finally, three European IPTs located in mid-sized cities and one in a large city are analysed to reveal the similarities and differences in the commercial and convenience services they host. This study found that such commercial and convenience services are most suitable for installation in IPTs that are related to transportation services, do not require a substantial amount of space, and do not block or obstruct the movement of people. Furthermore, as a component of the comprehensive planning documentation, a preliminary commercial feasibility study should be produced for each IPT.


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Author Biography

Balázs Bodnár, University of Debrecen

Balázs Bodnár, MSc, University of Debrecen (Hungary), Doctoral School of Earth Sciences. Is a geographer and a PhD student affiliated with the Doctoral School of Earth Sciences at the University of Debrecen. He currently works for the Transportation Authority of Government Office of Hajdú-Bihar County in Debrecen, Hungary. His research interests cover such topics as transport development, the impact of intermodal passenger terminals on urban development, and sustainable modes of transport.


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How to Cite

Bodnár, B. (2021). Investigating commercial and convenience services installed in intermodal passenger terminals located in mid-sized European cities. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 35(4), 33–49.