Impact of Innovation Expenditures on Manufacturing in Poland in 2006–2015 – Regional Diversification


  • Arkadiusz Świadek Uniwersytet Zielonogórski Wydział Ekonomii i Zarządzania Zakład Innowacji i Przedsiębiorczości
  • Marek Szajt Politechnika Częstochowska Wydział Zarządzania Katedra Ekonometrii i Statystyki



country, industry, panel data, Poland, productivity, region


It is widely known that innovation has got an impact on economic development, although there are still not many quantity studies on this topic. In developed countries new solutions are the effect of the domestic R&D production, but in those that are still catching up, like Poland, technology transfer is dominating and the innovation expenditure structure is a quite different. Additionally, it is complicated to measure this phenomenon, because of the short time series in public statistics. The main aim of the article is the identification and evaluation of the impact of innovation expenditures on innovation and their structure on manufacturing production value in Poland in 2006-2015 years, including regional differences, time delays and weight system. What is responsible for manufacturing development in Poland - domestic R&D or passive technology transfer, including foreign one? We were using multiregression panel data (time and spatial) model to find and describe some of the discoveries. We observed that there was a changing influence of every category of expenditure on the manufacturing production value. There was a growing importance of the domestic R&D, with parallel strong meaning of the imported passive technology transfer, on manufacturing. Additionally, used time delays were also significant. Finally, there is a necessity to use regional diversity to measure this phenomenon in less development countries.


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Author Biographies

Arkadiusz Świadek, Uniwersytet Zielonogórski Wydział Ekonomii i Zarządzania Zakład Innowacji i Przedsiębiorczości

Arkadiusz Świadek, Ph.D. is an associate professor of University of Zielona Góra and the Head of Department of Innovation and Entrepreneurship of Faculty of Economics and Management. His academic and research interests concern research on innovations, strategic management, entrepreneurship and economic development. The area of research on innovativeness mainly includes analyses of regional industrial systems. Author and co-author of over 200 publications and reports carried out on behalf of local government institutions and enterprises.

Marek Szajt, Politechnika Częstochowska Wydział Zarządzania Katedra Ekonometrii i Statystyki

Marek Szajt, Ph.D., is an associate professor at the Częstochowa University of Technology and the Head of Department of Econometrics and Statistics of Faculty of Management. His research interests relate, in particular, to the study of innovation in the micro-, meso- and macro scale, spatial research, simulation analysis, econometric modelling using spatio-temporal sample. Author and co-author of over 100 publications and reports carried out on behalf of local government institutions and enterprises.


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How to Cite

Świadek, A., & Szajt, M. (2018). Impact of Innovation Expenditures on Manufacturing in Poland in 2006–2015 – Regional Diversification. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 32(3), 54–68.