Circular behaviours undertaken by Polish households a preliminary analysis of research results


  • Elżbieta Szczygieł Pedagogical University of Krakow, Institute of Law and Economics, Department of Entrepreneurship and Social Innovations



circular economy, circular motives, statistical analysis, quality of life


The main aim of the paper is to analyse and evaluate the possible relation between circular behaviours undertaken by the households and the socio-economic features describing them. The paper presents the results of the author’s research conducted among Polish households on the territory of two voivodeships: Podkarpackie and Małopolskie. In the article, the author presents the concept of circular behaviours (understood as an element of pro-ecological behaviours), as well as the result of the preliminary analysis of the frequency of exhibiting those behaviours in the households. This analysis is based on evidence regarding the possible differences between the households due to their distinct features. To indicate the possible differences the Chi2 Test of Independence was used. Obtained results indicate that some socio-economic features may have an influence on the frequency of conducting circular behaviours. It could be important due to the establishment of supporting activities aiming at increasing the overall level of circularity among households (as an economic sector). This article is the fourth one in the publication series devoted to circular economy and sustainable development matters.


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Author Biography

Elżbieta Szczygieł, Pedagogical University of Krakow, Institute of Law and Economics, Department of Entrepreneurship and Social Innovations

Elżbieta Szczygieł, PhD, assistant professor in the Pedagogical University of Krakow, Institute of Law and Economics, Department of Entrepreneurship and Social Innovations. Her research focuses on the quality of life with special attention on the responsible factors for the socio-economic development of households, as well as the implementation of circular economy concept into their everyday life and its impact on increasing the standard of living. Moreover, her research interests include sustainable development and regional development analysed using statistical methods. She has been involved in many research projects in the fields mentioned. She is a practitioner – worked for state and local authorities, in business and third sector. The author of books and articles on economics and management.


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How to Cite

Szczygieł, E. (2021). Circular behaviours undertaken by Polish households a preliminary analysis of research results. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 35(4), 188–204.