The Trade Specificities between Turkey and Poland


  • Michael Gameli Dziwornu University of Milan-Bicocca Department of Sociology and Social Research
  • Tomasz Rachwał Pedagogical University of Cracow Institute of Geography Department of Entrepreneurship and Spatial Management



export, HHI, import, Poland, Turkey


The general consensus among policymakers and researchers is that in order to increase economic growth, it is necessary to diversify trade. The objective of this paper, therefore, is to analyse the dynamics of trade, specifically the export concentration of products between Turkey and Poland from 1995 to 2015. Despite a historically complicated relationship, these two countries have significantly strengthened economic ties and political cooperation. The last two decades in particular, have witnessed the manifestations of such close cooperation between these two countries. By measuring the export product concentration using the Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI), we found higher export concentration from Turkey to Poland in the majority of products traded, in contrast to Poland’s exports to Turkey. The analysis carried out also indicates the imperative for the two countries to consolidate their existing partnership by removing trade barriers that may hinder stronger economic relation and cooperation. Furthermore, reforms are needed in both countries to closely align production structures necessary for greater and more sustained trade partnership.


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Author Biographies

Michael Gameli Dziwornu, University of Milan-Bicocca Department of Sociology and Social Research

Michael Gameli Dziwornu, Ph.D. student in Urban Studies at the University of Milan-Bicocca. He holds a BA and an MA in Geography from the University of Ghana and the Suleyman Demirel University, respectively. His research interests include urban political economy and migration.

Tomasz Rachwał, Pedagogical University of Cracow Institute of Geography Department of Entrepreneurship and Spatial Management

Tomasz Rachwał, Ph.D., head of the Department of Entrepreneurship and Spatial Management of Institute of Geography of the Pedagogical University of Cracow, Rector’s Proxy for Entrepreneurship, member of the Senate of the Pedagogical University of Cracow, Deputy Chair of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, member of the editorial board of several journals, author of textbooks for geography and entrepreneurship. His research interests focus primarily on the issue of change of spatial and branch structures of industry, the determinants for the development of various branches of industrial activity, export diversification of Polish industrial products and the role of manufacturing, selected branches of services and entrepreneurship in local and regional development, as well as on geographical and entrepreneurship education.


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How to Cite

Dziwornu, M. G., & Rachwał, T. (2018). The Trade Specificities between Turkey and Poland. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 32(3), 201–215.

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