Structural changes of employment in EU NUTS 2 regions evaluated with Bray & Curtis measure


  • Małgorzata Markowska Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu Wydział Ekonomii, Zarządzania i Turystyki w Jeleniej Górze



NUTS 2 regions, economic sectors, employment structure, structure diversity


The aim of the paper is the evaluation of the changes observed in the employment structure at the European regional space of NUTS 2 level. The employment structure is expressed in three elements: agriculture, industry and services. Data covers two overlapping periods: 2000-2008 and 2008-2012. This is because of the changes in Eurostat data bases imposed by the update of European Classification of Economic Activities introduced in 2008 to the original regulation from 1997. New activities were defined, mainly in the field of information services and technologies. In new system, information on enterprises and labour market and some definitions in high-tech industries and services are not fully comparable with the old one. This problem is discussed in the paper. The measure of structures diversity is the basic research method for the analysis presented in the paper. It makes it possible to identify the intensity of labour market changes in both time and space.


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Author Biography

Małgorzata Markowska, Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny we Wrocławiu Wydział Ekonomii, Zarządzania i Turystyki w Jeleniej Górze

Małgorzata Markowska, Ph.D., is an associate professor at the Regional Economics Chair of Wrocław University of Economics. She is a member of Polish Classification Society and a Polish section of Regional Studies Association. Her research deals with econometric measurement, evaluation, variability and dynamics of development, competitiveness, knowledge-based economy, smart specializations, convergence and innovativeness in European regional space. As an author or co-author she published more than 100 scientific papers and 25 chapters in books, and recently her own dissertation “Dynamic Taxonomy of Regions’ Innovativeness”. She took part in 10 scientific projects financed by Polish National Centre of Science and European Union, and in projects for governmental, local administration and business units.


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How to Cite

Markowska, M. (2015). Structural changes of employment in EU NUTS 2 regions evaluated with Bray & Curtis measure. Studies of the Industrial Geography Commission of the Polish Geographical Society, 29(2), 7–22.

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